Perceived Social Support among University Students in Malaysia: A Reliability Study

Prashanth Talwar, Mohd Fadzil Abdul Rahman

Abstract


Background: Social support is the perception that one is cared for, has assistance available from friends and significant others.  Social support can be measured by The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support.  This scale has been widely used and validated in different languages.

Objective: To determine the factor structure of The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support scale and find its reliability. Method: The study was conducted in one of the Universities in Malaysia. The undergraduate students who volunteered to participate in the study were explained about the purpose of the study and implications. The English version of Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support scale (MSPSS) that was administered. In all 313 undergraduate students were studied. Exploratory factor analysis, with varimax rotation, was applied to the data

Results: The three factor solution accounted for 80.51 % of the total variance. The procedure output has an overall alpha of 0.921.

Conclusion: The MSPSS appears to be good enough to be used in Malaysia however more studies are required.

Keywords


Social Support; Stress; Multidimensional Scale.

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