The Prevalence Of Anxiety And Depression In Chronic Kidney Disease Patients

Rizaldy Taslim Pinzon, Rosa De Lima Renita Sanyasi, Esdras Ardi Pramudita

Abstract


Objective: The main objective of this study is to identify the prevalence of anxiety and depression amon CKD patients.

Methods: This is a cross sectional study in CKD patients with a routine hemodyalisis two times per week. The prevalence of anxiety and depression was assessed using Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Indonesian version. This scale has 14 questions, clusterred into 2 sub-scale: 7 questions to identify anxiety and 7 questions to identify depression. Score 0 to 7 considered as negative result or normal and score ≥8 considered as positive result or abnormal.

Results: The subjects were dominated by male (63.9%), age 51-60 years (31.3%), had married (82.8%), have a high educational background (46.7%), and had an occupation (78.7%). The highest anxiety mean score was in subjects aged 40-50 years, whereas the highest depression mean score was in low educational background group. About 31% of the subjects had an anxiety and 23.7% of the subjects had a depression. Among them are dominated by mild case. There was no subject with severe case. Gender, age, marital status, educational background, and working history were not significant to the presence of anxiety and depression in CKD patients.

Conclusion: Anxiety and depression are a common psychological problems among CKD patients.

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Keywords


Chronic Kidney Disease; Anxiety; Depression; Hemodyalisis

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