Early Readmission In Patients After Electroconvulsive Therapy In A University Hospital Setting - A Retrospective Study

Ng CG, Amer Siddiq AN, Salina M, Koh OH, Zuraida NZ

Abstract


Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective treatment for major mental illnesses. It is used to achieve rapid and short-term improvement of severe symptoms after an adequate trial of other treatment options have proven ineffective. Relapse rates following ECT are high and leading to early readmission. Objective: To study the early readmission rate in patients had received ECT and its relation with age, gender, race and clinical diagnosis. Methods: This is a retrospective descriptive study of patients who had received ECT in 1-year period. Subjects were identified from the ECT record book. Case notes of these patients were then traced and reviewed. Clinical diagnosis and demographic data were collected. Patients readmitted within 6 months after being discharged were identified. The data was compared for the readmitted and not readmitted group. Result: A total of 156 subjects who had received ECT were included in this study. Mean age was 40 years old, 51% were female and the main diagnosis was bipolar affective disorder (42.9%). Early readmission rate was 30.1%. Mean time to relapse was 5.3 months. Chi Square analysis indicated that younger age was significantly associated with early readmission among ECT patients. Conclusion: ECT patients had high early readmission rate. Adequate post ECT psychosocial intervention and pharmacotherapy may help to reduce the readmission rate.

Keywords


electroconvulsive therapy, early readmission, mental illness

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