Adaptation and Validation of the Malay Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire 6.0 (EDE-Q 6.0) among University Students: A Pilot Study

Nasehah Mohd Taib, Jamilah Hanum Abdul Khaiyom

Abstract


Background: The latest epidemiological data on eating disorders in Malaysia is still unavailable, probably due to lack of assessment tool to screen and diagnose eating disorders for the Malaysian population. Due to this, the current study aims to: i) adapt Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire 6.0 (EDE-Q 6.0) to Malay language, ii) conduct pre-testing, and iii) conduct small-scale reliability and validity analyses prior to conducting the main study on its psychometric properties. EDE-Q 6.0 was chosen to be adapted and validated due to its established relationships with a ‘gold standard’ assessment for eating disorder i.e. Eating Disorder Examination.

Methods: The pilot study was conducted on undergraduate students in Psychology (N=94) at a public university by using cross-sectional survey design. Prior to conducting the pilot study, pre-testing procedure was conducted on five postgraduate students in Psychology.

Results: The results from the pilot study revealed Malay EDE-Q 6.0 has excellent internal reliability with alpha coefficient of .94. The Malay EDE-Q 6.0 has shown to have positive and strong relationship with English EDE-Q 6.0 with coefficient of equivalence of r = .97. The pilot study also revealed that Malay EDE-Q 6.0 has acceptable convergent and divergent validities, nevertheless with a weak positive relationship with the measures for anxiety and depression symptoms.

Discussion: This study indicates that the Malay version of EDE-Q 6.0 has a great potential to be used as a valid and reliable screening tool for eating disorders in Malaysia. Considering the limitations of pilot study, main study ought to be carried out to validate the current findings.

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Keywords


Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire 6.0; Malay; Validation; University Students

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