A Study Protocol on the Adaptation and Validation of the Malay Version of the Short Grit Scale (Grit-S) on Malaysian University Students

Hezne Ezaty Abu Hasan, Jamilah Hanum Abdul Khaiyom


Introduction: Grit, an individual’s perseverance and passion for long-term goals, is a mouldable construct with contributions to success in many life domains. Grit’s cultivation in Malaysia can begin with a suitable instrument apt to measure it. The study aims to adapt and validate the Short Grit Scale (Grit-S), the Western-derived instrument to measure grit, as an economical justification to developing a new instrument, which is time consuming and costly.

Methods: Employing a survey design, students from different faculties at one of the local universities in Klang Valley, Malaysia (N=350) who are bilingual in English and Malay will be targeted. The adaptation process will begin with translation of the English items into Malay, while observing the guidelines suggested by the International Test Commission. Thereafter, the validation process of the Malay Grit-S with the criterion measures will follow. The IBM SPSS software will be used to analyse the internal-consistency, stability, and equivalence reliabilities, as well as the concurrent, convergent and divergent validities, alongside its factorial structure analysis.

Expected results: The Malay Grit-S is expected to demonstrate a probable two-factor structure as was originally posited. However, dissimilarities may arise and can be attributed to cultural differences, as the collectivist setting of Malaysia differs from the individualist setting it was conceptualized in.

Conclusion: With an adapted and validated instrument to measure grit specific to the Malaysian context, the study aspires to contribute to grit knowledge, as well as availing a fitting instrument for its measurement, which precedes efforts in fostering grit for positive life outcomes, particularly in academic and education settings.

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Grit; Positive Psychology; Reliability; Validity; Malaysia

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