Experience of Mindfulness Programme for Nurses at a Hospital in Kelantan, Malaysia: A Qualitative Study

Izyan Shazwani Khairuddin, Nor Asyikin Fadzil, Asrenee Ab Razak, Cheng Kar Phang

Abstract


Objectives: Mindfulness programmes have been reported to be effective in reducing stress for nurses. This study aimed to explore the experiences of practising mindfulness among our local nurses and to understand what shaped their experiences in practising mindfulness, and how this affects their practice of mindfulness at workplace.

Methods: This was a basic interpretive qualitative study via focus group discussions for nurses at a teaching hospital in Kelantan, Malaysia. The nurses had completed a three-month mindfulness programme. Three focus group discussions comprising five participants in each group were conducted at different times between August 2019 and January 2020. The data were analysed using thematic analysis.

Results: Three themes emerged from the data: ‘activating change in perception, ‘nurturing self-empowerment’ and ‘not a norm’. Through their experiences in practising mindfulness, the nurses experienced changes in their perceptions of stress and being self-empowered in emotion regulation. However, challenges in sustaining the mindfulness practice arose due to it being new to the local culture.

Conclusions: Mindfulness programmes are feasible to be practised among nurses but regular practice was difficult to be achieved, hence limiting the actual benefits of the programmes. Focus needs to be directed towards normalising mindfulness practice as the new culture in nurses’ working environments and incorporating cultural values and spiritual needs based on the local context for it to be better accepted and practised. 

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Keywords


Mindfulness; Nurse; Stress; Culture; Qualitative

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