Psychosocial Intervention in Person with Somatization Disorder: A Case Study

Joy Doley, Nilesh Maruti Gujar, Arif Ali

Abstract


Background: Somatization disorder can lead to social and occupational dysfunctions, increased healthcare use and a high level of dissatisfaction from the healthcare professional. Psychosocial interventions for medically unexplained somatic symptoms are effective in dealing with dysfunction and other psychosocial issues.

Aim and objectives: To assess psychosocial problems of a person with somatization disorder and provide psychiatric social work intervention to help the client to overcome those problems. Methodology: The single-subject case study design was carried out with a case of somatization disorder at the outpatient department of LGBRIMH, Tezpur. The client was selected purposefully for the assessment and intervention. The client had explained about the purpose of the case study and written informed consent was obtained before assessment and intervention. The assessment was done before and after intervention using the family assessment device, Bradford somatic inventory, Beck depression inventory, Beck anxiety inventory, perceived stress scale, and the illness attitude scale. Based on the assessment psychosocial intervention was provided to the client.

Results: The client’s level of understanding about the illness, functionality was improved. The improvement was seen in the post-test score of somatic complaints, depression, anxiety, stress, and attitude towards illness.

Conclusion: The outcome of the case study confirms that psychosocial intervention in somatization disorder is effective in managing somatic complaints, anxious and depressive mood, and attitude towards illness. 

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